Authors: Zhou J; Onuma Y; Garg S;
Source: Expert review of cardiovascular therapy [Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther] 2022 Jul; Vol. 20 (7), pp. 549-566. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Aug 09.
Introduction: Non-obstructive coronary arteries (NOCA) are present in 39.7% to 62.4% of patients who undergo elective angiography. Coronary microcirculation (<400 µm) is not visible on angiography therefore functional assessment, invasive or noninvasive plays a prior role to help provide a more personalized diagnosis of angina.
Area Covered: In this review, we revisit the pathophysiology, clinical importance, and invasive assessment of the coronary microcirculation, and discuss angiography-derived indices of microvascular resistance. A comprehensive literature review over four decades is also undertaken.
Expert Opinion: The coronary microvasculature plays an important role in flow autoregulation and metabolic regulation. Invasive assessment of microvascular resistance is a validated modality with independent prognostic value, nevertheless, its routine application is hampered by the requirement of intravascular instrumentation and hyperemic agents. The angiography-derived index of microvascular resistance has emerged as a promising surrogate in pilot studies, however, more data are needed to validate and compare the diagnostic and prognostic accuracy of different equations as well as to illustrate the relationship between angiography-derived parameters for epicardial coronary arteries and those for the microvasculature.
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