Indocyanine green colonic perfusion demonstration following robotic da Vinci X inferior mesenteric artery ligation for the treatment of type II endoleak.
Author(s): Lambert, J., Al Majid, S., Salaman, R., Gavan, D., Sheikh, A. & Gill, M.
Source: The International Journal of Medical Robotics and Computer Assisted Surgery, 2022 Apr 20, pp. e2407.
Abstract: We describe the technical operative details of the robotic repair of a type II endoleak (T2E) following endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). We demonstrate that indocyanine green (ICG) can be used intra-operatively to demonstrate perfusion of the colon following ligation of the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) vessel feeding the aneurysm sac.
Conclusion: A total robotic approach can be performed safely with intra-operative ICG used to demonstrate colonic perfusion as an added safety measure.
Ten-Year All-Cause Mortality Following Staged Percutaneous Revascularization in Patients With Complex Coronary Artery Disease.
Author(s): Garg, S. et al.
Source: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine : including molecular interventions 2022 May; Vol. 38, pp. 124-126.
Abstract: Medical and/or economic reasons sometimes necessitate the staging of percutaneous coronary intervention (SPCI) procedures in patients with complex coronary artery disease; however, the impact of this on very long-term outcomes is unknown. The aim of the present study is to assess 10-year all-cause mortality in patients with the three-vessel disease (3VD) and/or left main disease (LM) undergoing SPCI.
Impact of proton pump inhibitors on efficacy of antiplatelet strategies with ticagrelor or aspirin after percutaneous coronary intervention: Insights from the GLOBAL LEADERS trial.
Author(s): Garg, S. et al.
Source: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions : Official Journal of the Society for Cardiac Angiography & Interventions 2022 May 02.
Abstract: Several studies have suggested that proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) may reduce the antiplatelet effects of clopidogrel and/or aspirin, possibly leading to cardiovascular events. We aimed to investigate the association between PPI and clinical outcomes in patients treated with ticagrelor monotherapy or conventional antiplatelet therapy after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). In contrast to conventional antiplatelet strategy, there were no evidence suggesting the interaction between ticagrelor monotherapy and PPIs on increased cardiovascular events, which should be confirmed in further studies.
Pneumomediastinum in COVID-19: a phenotype of severe COVID-19 pneumonitis? The results of the United Kingdom (POETIC) survey.
Author(s): Azam, A et al.
Source: The European Respiratory Journal, 2022 May 12.
Abstract: There is an emerging understanding that coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is associated with increased incidence of pneumomediastinum. We aimed to determine its incidence among patients hospitalised with COVID-19 in the United Kingdom and describe factors associated with outcome.
A comparison between thoracic epidural analgesia and rectus sheath catheter analgesia after open midline major abdominal surgery: randomized clinical trial
Author(s): Anton Krige, Sarah G. Brearley, Céu Mateus, Gordon L. Carlson, Steven Lane
Source: BJS Open, Volume 6, Issue 3, June 2022, zrac055,
Abstract: Rectus sheath catheter analgesia (RSCA) and thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA) are both used for analgesia following laparotomy. The aim was to compare the analgesic effectiveness of RSCA with TEA after laparotomy for elective colorectal and urological surgery. METHOD: Patients undergoing elective midline laparotomy were randomized in a non-blinded fashion to receive RSCA or TEA for postoperative analgesia at a single UK teaching hospital. The primary quantitative outcome measure was dynamic pain score at 24 h after surgery. A nested qualitative study (reported elsewhere) explored the dual primary outcome of patient experience and acceptability. Secondary outcome measures included rest and movement pain scores over 72 h, functional analgesia, analgesia satisfaction, opiate consumption, functional recovery, morbidity, safety, and cost-effectiveness. RESULTS: A total of 131 patients were randomized: 66 in the RSCA group and 65 in the TEA group. The median (interquartile range; i.q.r.) dynamic pain score at 24 h was significantly lower after TEA than RSCA (33 (11–60) versus 50.5 (24.50–77.25); P = 0.018). Resting pain score at 72 h was significantly lower after RSCA (4.5 (0.25–13.75) versus 12.5 (2–13); P = 0.019). Opiate consumption on postoperative day 3 (median (i.q.r.) morphine equivalent 17 (10–30) mg versus 40 (13.25–88.50) mg; P = 0.038), hypotension, or vasopressor dependency (29.7 versus 49.2 per cent; P = 0.023) and weight gain to day 3 (median (i.q.r.) 0 (−1–2) kg versus 1 (0–3) kg; P = 0.046) were all significantly greater after TEA, compared with RSCA. There were no significant differences between groups in other secondary outcomes, although more participants experienced serious adverse events after TEA compared with RSCA, which was also the more cost-effective. CONCLUSIONS: TEA provided superior initial postoperative analgesia but only for the first 24 h. By 72 hours RSCA provides superior analgesia, is associated with a lower incidence of unwanted effects, and may be more cost-effective.
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