Source: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery; 2017; vol. 25 (no. 3)
Publication Date: 2017
Publication Type(s): Article
Available at Journal of orthopaedic surgery (Hong Kong) - from EBSCO (MEDLINE Complete)
Abstract:Introduction: Steroid and local anaesthetic injection to the acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) is a very common diagnostic and therapeutic procedure, which is often performed in the outpatient department. However, it can be difficult to localize this joint because of its small size, presence of osteophytes and variable morphology in the population. We performed a study to determine whether the use of an image intensifier (X-ray guidance), in theatre, improves the accuracy of this injection. Methods: This was a prospective study carried out between March 2014 and March 2015. The injections were performed by two senior orthopaedic surgeons. First, we clinically palpated the ACJ and marked the area over this point as A. Then, with the use of a needle and an image intensifier in a single plane, we identified the actual location of the ACJ and marked this point as B. We measured the distance between A and B in millimetres (mm) and determined the accuracy of the injections. Further analysis taking into account the ACJ capsular attachments was also performed. Results: In total, 45 patients and 50 injections were included in the study; five patients had repeated injections at different times. We found that only 12 injections (24%) were palpated to be correct with no discrepancies between A and B (95% confidence interval: 14-37%). For the remaining 38 injections (76%), the use of an image intensifier had significantly improved the accuracy of ACJ location (p Copyright © The Author(s) 2017.